HbA1c or glycated haemoglobin or glycosylated haemoglobin is a simple blood test to measure your long-term diabetes control. It is used to measure the amount of glucose which is attached to the protein in the red blood cells in the body.
The readings you get on your own glucometer by pricking your finger, only lets you know what your blood glucoses is at that particular point in time. Where as HbA1c provides an average blood glucose over the last three to four months.
Glucose gets attached to the haemoglobin in red blood cells and some other tissues in the body. The average life of a red blood cell is about 120 days. The higher the blood glucose level, the greater the amount of glucose attached to these red blood cells and tissues.
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